- Garlic prolongs life: just by preventing infectious diseases, releasing blood pressure and normalizing cholesterol, we can say that it continues life.
- It has a compound called “allicin”: This component is integrated into the body through the digestive process, traveling throughout the system and acting immediately, being the same as a natural antioxidant.
- Improves athletic performance: Supplements in garlic bases contribute to athletic performance. Previously, the Greeks used garlic to reduce fatigue.
- Rich in nutrients and low in calories: A portion of 28 grams of garlic, contains 1 gram of fiber, 23% of manganese, 6% of selenium and 18% of vitamin C and B6. In addition to copper, phosphorus, potassium, vitamin B1 and calcium.
- Prevents dementia and Alzheimer’s: Thanks to its antioxidant properties, increases the enzymes that prevent these diseases.
COMMERCIAL DENOMINATIONS OF GARLIC
Despite a large number of garlic differences, there are some that are much more commercial, among them:
- The noble garlic: This presents a regular form since it grows with 14 or 18 teeth. Their crops are in cold areas, and their harvest is usually late or intermediate.
- Common garlic: The harvest of this garlic is precocious, and does not need much cold. They grow between 17 and 18 teeth, and their shape is irregular.
THE GARLIC MORE FAMOUS
These are identified with names of colors, due to the skin that covers the tooth.
- Brown garlic: These are commonly called “Russian garlic.” Its neck is hard due to its floral stem and belongs to the noble garlic family.
Others with the same characteristics:
- White garlic
- Purple garlic.
- Violet garlic
- Red garlic.
- Pink garlic: The main variant of this garlic is the “Supa Alpa,” and belongs to the group of common garlic. It is mainly used for food purposes.
THE COMMERCIAL-INTERNATIONAL GARLIC
To know the economic growth rates of garlic as an international product, an in-depth analysis of the different variables in this context is needed.
The garlic market is handled as a condiment, and not as a vegetable as many believe, presenting an “inelastic” demand, which leads to the fact that -by increasing the supply- the volume that is being demanded will remain the same and in this way, prices decrease.
The leading exporter of garlic is China; however, one of its strongest competitors is Argentina. Undoubtedly, both have been affected thanks to the new countries that are integrated into the garlic trade.
- France: It is one of the main importers and exporters of garlic, and because of this, it is identified as the “European garlic trade center.” This country is a producer together with Italy and Spain.
- China: Harvest more than 18 million tons of garlic on an annual basis, taking into account that this country sells -in its majority- fresh products, that is, not processed.
- European Union: One of the largest consumers of garlic. Here is demanding when buying, in addition to wanting to pay a higher price for the quality of the product.
- Brazil: The production of garlic from Brazil occurs in the south of this country. This country is one of the most important consumers and importers because the population consumes at least 2 million boxes per month.
- United States: Industrialized garlic grows in California, and it provides 90% of the production that is usually available from July to December.
Due to the fall of production in 2017 in China, many countries saw the opportunity to grow in production and export of garlic, but despite this China has now recovered its place in the world market, causing a significant effect in other exporting countries.
Despite this, each country has “points in its favor.” Spain has a greater harvest, and its prices are more stable, while India is concentrated in the national market of its crops. On the other hand, Australia looks for greater national production, and in the United States, they currently have a stable price.
The lower countries have better (lower) prices; therefore, they attract importers, while Belgian merchants prefer European garlic.
Italy has a large production of 12 tons per hectare, and France has recovered from a difficult season it had in previous years. The producers of Argentina have a higher volume, being the current competition of several countries, while the producers of the Dominican Republic, give a significant jump to the lucrative markets.